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Designation F3343 − 19Standard Consumer Safety Specification forInfant Bathers1This standard is issued under the fixed designation F3343; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year oforiginal adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Asuperscript epsilon ´ indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.INTRODUCTIONThis consumer safety specification is intended to address certain incidents associated with the useof infant bathers. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission CPSC identified drowningincidents which generally involved infant bathers being used in adult tubs containing water and leftunattended by their caregiver. The CPSC also identified non-fatal incidents related to collapsing of theinfant bather which generally happened when the caregiver attempted to transport the occupant whilein the infant bather. This specification does not address incidents in which infant bathers are abusedor unreasonably misused. This consumer safety specification is written within the current state-of-the-art product technology. It is intended that this specification will be updated whenever substantiveinformation becomes available and known to ASTM which necessitates additional requirements orjustifies the revision of existing requirements.1. Scope1.1 This consumer safety specification establishes perfor-mance requirements, test methods, and labeling requirementsto promote the safe use of infant bathers.1.2 This consumer safety specification is intended to reducethe risk of death and minimize injury to infants resulting fromuse and reasonably foreseeable misuse or abuse of infantbathers.1.3 No infant bather produced after the approval date of thisconsumer safety specification shall, either by label or othermeans, indicate compliance with this specification unless itconforms to all requirements contained herein.1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regardedas standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematicalconversions to SI units that are provided for information onlyand are not considered standard.1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to thetest method portion, Section 7, of this specification Thisstandard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns,if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the userof this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, andenvironmental practices and determine the applicability ofregulatory limitations prior to use.1.6 This international standard was developed in accor-dance with internationally recognized principles on standard-ization established in the Decision on Principles for theDevelopment of International Standards, Guides and Recom-mendations issued by the World Trade Organization TechnicalBarriers to Trade TBT Committee.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards2D1683/D1683M Test Method for Failure in Sewn Seams ofWoven FabricsD3359 Test Methods for Rating Adhesion by Tape TestF963 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy SafetyF2088 Consumer Safety Specification for Infant SwingsF2167 Consumer Safety Specification for Infant BouncerSeatsF2670 Consumer Safety Specification for Infant Bath Tubs2.2 Federal Standards316 CFR 1303 Ban of Lead-Containing Paint and CertainConsumer Products Bearing Lead Containing Paint16 CFR 1500 Federal Hazardous Substances Act Regula-tions16 CFR 1500.48 Technical Requirements for Determining aSharp Point in Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use1This consumer safety specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Commit-tee F15 on Consumer Products and is the direct responsibility of SubcommitteeF15.20 on Bath Seats.Current edition approved Feb. 1, 2019. Published February 2019. DOI 10.1520/F3343-19.2For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.3Available from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent ofDocuments, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Washington, DC 20401-0001, http//www.access.gpo.gov.Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United StatesThis international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for theDevelopment of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade TBT Committee.1by Children Under 8 Years of Age16 CFR 1500.49 Technical Requirements for Determining aSharp Metal or Glass Edge in Toys and Other ArticlesIntended for Use by Children Under 8 Years of Age16 CFR 1501 Method for Identifying Toys and Other Ar-ticles Intended for Use by Children Under 3 Years of AgeWhich Present Choking, Aspiration, or Ingestion HazardsBecause of Small PartsConsumer Product Safety Improvement Act2.3 ANSI Standards4ANSI Z535.1 Safety ColorsANSI Z535.4 Product Safety Signs and LabelsANSI Z535.6 Product Safety Information in ProductManuals, Instructions, and Other Collateral Materials3. Terminology3.1 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard3.1.1 conspicuous, adjvisible, when the occupant is in theproduct and the product is in any manufacturer’s recommendeduse positions, to a person positioned near the product at anyone position around the product, but not necessarily visiblefrom all positions.3.1.2 double action release system, na mechanism requir-ing either two consecutive actions, the first of which must bemaintained while the second is carried out, or two separate andindependent simultaneous actions to fully release.3.1.3 grasping point, ntwo-inch wide section of the framecentered at the mid-point of the opposite sides or ends of theproduct normally associated with lifting. DiscussionThis could be at the headrest/backrestand footrest or on the left and right sides of the product.3.1.4 infant bather, na stand-alone product intended toprovide support for an occupant who cannot sit uprightunassisted approximately 0 to 6 months in a recliningposition during bathing by a caregiver but not intended toretain water. DiscussionGenerally, an infant bather is used in anadult tub or in or next to a sink.3.1.5 manufacturer’s recommended use positions, nanyposition that is presented as a normal, allowable, or acceptableconfiguration for the use of the product by the manufacturer inany descriptive or instructional literature. DiscussionThis specifically excludes positionswhich the manufacturer shows in a like manner in its literatureto be unacceptable, unsafe, or not recommended.3.1.6 non-paper label, nany label material, such as plasticor metal, that either will not tear without the aid of tools ortears leaving a sharply defined edge or labels made of fabric.3.1.7 occupant, nthat individual who is in an infant batherin one of the manufacturer’s recommended use positions.3.1.8 paper label, nany label material that tears withoutthe aid of tools and leaves a fibrous edge.3.1.9 principal display panel, nthat part of the product’spackage that is most likely to be displayed, presented, shown,or examined under normal or customary conditions of displayfor retail sale.3.1.10 protective component, nany component used forprotection from sharp edges, points, or entrapment of fingers ortoes. DiscussionExamples of protective componentsinclude caps, sleeves, and plugs.3.1.11 smooth test surface, nany rigid plastic, metal, orporcelain surface to which the suction cups can adhere, andthat is at least 2 in. 51 mm larger in all directions than thelargest dimensions of the suction cup attachment device on theinfant bather.3.1.12 static load, nvertically downward load applied byweights or other means.4. Calibration and Standardization4.1 Unless otherwise noted, the infant bather shall becompletely assembled in accordance with the manufacturer’sinstructions.4.2 The product to be tested shall be in a room with anambient temperature of 73 6 9°F 23 6 5°C for at least 1 hprior to testing. Testing then shall be conducted within thistemperature range.4.3 All testing required by this specification shall be con-ducted on the same product sample.5. General Requirements5.1 Hazardous Sharp Edges or PointsThere shall be nohazardous sharp points or edges as defined in 16 CFR 1500.48and 16 CFR 1500.49 before or after the product has been testedto this consumer safety specification.5.2 Small PartsThere shall be no small parts as defined in16 CFR 1501 before testing or liberated as a result of testing tothis consumer safety specification.5.3 Lead in PaintsAll paint and surface coatings on theproduct shall comply with the requirements of 16 CFR 1303.5.4 Resistance to Collapse5.4.1 When the product is placed in any manufacturer’srecommended use positions, latching and locking mecha-nisms designed to prevent the unintentional collapse of theproduct with the infant in it shall comply with either or5.4.1.2.NOTE 1An attachment such as a hook where the weight of the childmaintains the engagement is not considered a latching and lockingmechanism. Product shall be designed with a single actionmechanism that shall not release when tested in accordancewith Product shall be designed with a double actionrelease system. There are no force requirements for a doubleaction release system.4Available from American National Standards Institute ANSI, 25 W. 43rd St.,4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http//www.ansi.org.F3343 − 1925.4.2 During and upon completion of the tests in accordancewith 7.4.1 and 7.4.2, the product shall remain in the manufac-turer’s recommended use positions, and the latching andlocking mechanisms shall remain engaged and operative aftertesting.5.5 Scissoring, Shearing, and PinchingThe product, whenin the manufacturer’s recommended use positions, shall bedesigned and constructed to prevent injury to the occupantfrom any scissoring, shearing, or pinching when members orcomponents rotate about a common axis or fastening point,slide, pivot, fold, or otherwise move relative to one another.Scissoring, shearing, or pinching that may cause injury existswhen the edges of the rigid parts admit a probe greater than0.210 in. 5.33 mm and less than 0.375 in. 9.53 mm indiameter at any accessible point throughout the range ofmotion of such parts.5.6 OpeningsHoles or slots that extend entirely through awall section of any rigid material less than 0.375 in. 9.53 mmthick and admit a 0.210-in. 5.33 mm diameter rod shall alsoadmit a 0.375 in. 9.53 mm diameter rod. Holes or slots thatare between 0.210 in. 5.33 mm and 0.375 in. 9.53 mm andhave a wall thickness less than 0.375 in. 9.53 mm but arelimited in depth to 0.375 in. 9.53 mm maximum by anotherrigid surface shall be permissible see Fig. 1 for examples. Theproduct shall be evaluated in all manufacturer’s recommendeduse positions.5.7 Protective ComponentsIf the child can grasp protec-tive components between the thumb and forefinger, or teeth, orif there is at least a 0.04 in. 1.0 mm gap between thecomponent and its adjacent parent component, such componentshall not be removed when tested in accordance with 7.2. Allprotective components that are accessible to a child in theproduct shall be evaluated.5.8 Labeling5.8.1 Warning labels, whether paper or non-paper, shall bepermanent when tested in accordance with 7.3.1 – Warning statements applied directly onto the surfaceof the product by hot stamping, heat transfer, printing, woodburning, etc. shall be permanent when tested in accordancewith 7.3.1 and Non-paper labels shall not liberate small parts whentested in accordance with If an infant bather can be converted to or has a mode thatcan be used on or in an infant bathtub, the product in that modeshall comply with the requirements of Consumer SafetySpecification for Infant Bath Tubs F2670.5.10 Product must comply with the applicable requirementsof the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act.5.11 ToysToy accessories attached to, removable from, orsold with an infant bather, as well as their means of attachment,shall comply with the applicable requirements of ConsumerSafety Specification for Toy Safety F963.6. Performance Requirements6.1 Restraint SystemInfant bathers may have a permanentor removable passive crotch restraint as part of their design.They shall not have any additional restraint systems whichrequires action on the part of the caregiver to secure or releasethe restraint.6.2 Structural IntegrityThere shall be no failure of seams,breakage of materials, or changes of adjustments that couldcause the product not to fully support the occupant or create ahazardous condition as defined in Section 5 when the productis tested in accordance with 7.4.1 for static load and 7.4.2 fordynamic load.6.3 Specific Requirements for Suction CupsInfant bathersthat utilize individual suction cups as a method of attachmentto a surface shall comply with the following requirements6.3.1 Each suction cup shall remain attached to the productand shall not become damaged or broken after testing inaccordance with The product shall remain attached to the test surfaceand shall not become damaged or broken after testing inaccordance with Disassembly/Collapse While LiftingThe infant bathershall not disassemble or collapse when tested in accordancewith StabilityThe product shall not tip over when tested inaccordance with Fabric/Mesh IntegrityProducts with fabric/mesh shallmeet the requirements of 6.6.1 and 6.6.2. At the conclusion oftesting required by 6.6.1 and 6.6.2, there shall be no failure ofseams, breakage of materials, or change in adjustment thatcould cause the product not to fully support the occupant or tocreate a hazardous condition as defined in Section Seam StrengthAll seams supporting the weight ofthe occupant, when tested in accordance with Test MethodD1683/D1683M, shall have a breaking strength of 30 lbf 134N or greater.6.6.2 Mesh/Fabric Attachment StrengthWhen tested inaccordance with 7.8, all locations on the product where a meshor fabric assembly is mechanically fastened to a rigid structuralFIG. 1 Opening ExampleF3343 − 193element for example, fastening of the assembly to a wireframe shall not disengage or detach.7. Test Methods7.1 Single Action Release Mechanism7.1.1 Set up the product in the manufacturer’s recom-mended use positions.7.1.2 If the mechanism requires a pull or push action,gradually apply a force of 10 lbf 45 N to the latching andlocking mechanism in the direction tending to release it. Applythe force within 5 s and maintain for an additional 10 s.7.1.3 If the mechanism requires a twist or turn action,gra