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Designation F3219 − 19Standard Specification for3 to 30 in. 75 To 750 mm Polypropylene PP CorrugatedSingle Wall Pipe and Fittings1This standard is issued under the fixed designation F3219; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year oforiginal adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Asuperscript epsilon ´ indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.1. Scope*1.1 This specification covers requirements and test methodsfor materials, dimensions, workmanship, elongation,brittleness, pipe stiffness, and markings for single wall corru-gated polypropylene PP pipe and fittings. It covers nominalsizes 3 in. through 30 in. 75 mm through 750 mm1.2 The corrugated polypropylene pipe and fittings are foruse in non-pressure applications where soil-tight joints areacceptable, such as leach field effluent disposal, and drainageapplications such as land, roads, foundations, agricultural, andlandfill. Products meeting this specification are not suitable forapplications requiring water-tight joints unless the manufac-turer offers such joints as an option.NOTE 1Watertight joints, when requested or specified, should meet a10.8 psi 74 kPa laboratory internal and external pressure in accordancewith Specification D3212 and should utilize a bell and spigot design witha gasket that complies with Specification F477.1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regardedas standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematicalconversions to SI units that are provided for information onlyand are not considered standard.1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of thesafety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is theresponsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro-priate safety, health, and environmental practices and deter-mine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.1.5 This international standard was developed in accor-dance with internationally recognized principles on standard-ization established in the Decision on Principles for theDevelopment of International Standards, Guides and Recom-mendations issued by the World Trade Organization TechnicalBarriers to Trade TBT Committee.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards2D256 Test Methods for Determining the Izod PendulumImpact Resistance of PlasticsD618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for TestingD638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of PlasticsD790 Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforcedand Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materi-alsD792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity Rela-tive Density of Plastics by DisplacementD1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplasticsby Extrusion PlastometerD1505 Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient TechniqueD1600 Terminology forAbbreviated Terms Relating to Plas-ticsD2122 Test Method for Determining Dimensions of Ther-moplastic Pipe and FittingsD2321 Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplas-tic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow ApplicationsD2412 Test Method for Determination of External LoadingCharacteristics of Plastic Pipe by Parallel-Plate LoadingD2444 Practice for Determination of the Impact Resistanceof Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a TupFalling WeightD3212 Specification for Joints for Drain and Sewer PlasticPipes Using Flexible Elastomeric SealsD3895 Test Method for Oxidative-Induction Time of Poly-olefins by Differential Scanning CalorimetryD4101 Classification System and Basis for Specification forPolypropylene Injection and Extrusion MaterialsF412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping SystemsF449 Practice for Subsurface Installation of CorrugatedPolyethylene Pipe for Agricultural Drainage or WaterTable ControlF477 Specification for Elastomeric Seals Gaskets for Join-ing Plastic Pipe1This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F17 on PlasticPiping Systems and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F17.65 on LandDrainage.Current edition approved April 1, 2019. Published April 2019. Originallyapproved in 2017. Last previous edition approved in 2018 as F3219–18. DOI10.1520/F3219–192For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standardCopyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United StatesThis international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for theDevelopment of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade TBT Committee.12.2 AASHTO Standard3AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications3. Terminology3.1 Definitions are in accordance with Terminology F412and abbreviations are accordance with Terminology D1600,unless otherwise specified.3.2 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard3.2.1 single wall pipe, ncorrugated pipe without an inte-rior or exterior liner.3.2.2 lot size, nthe total number of completely finishedfittings or appurtenances that are manufactured under condi-tions of production that are considered uniform.4. Significance and Use4.1 Single wall corrugated PP pipe and fittings are intendedfor underground applications where soil provides support totheir flexible walls. Their major use is to collect or conveydrainage water, or both.4.2 Single wall corrugated PP pipe shall have perforationswhere groundwater control or replenishing is specified.4.3 Single wall corrugated PP pipe shall not be used forstorm sewer or sanitary sewer applications.5. Materials5.1 PolypropylenePolypropylene compounds used in themanufacture of corrugated single wall pipe shall have theminimum properties as shown in Table 1. Polypropylenecompounds shall be comprised of the base polypropylenevirgin material and all additives, colorants, UV inhibitors, andstabilizers. Polypropylene compounds can be pre-compoundedor made in-situ during pipe extrusion by combining naturalpolypropylene material with a color masterbatch or otheradditives, or both. Conditioning, sampling, preparation andtesting of molded specimens shall be in accordance with therequirements in Specification D4101. Material for preparationof molded specimens shall be taken from the pipe. Compoundsthat have a higher cell classification in one or more perfor-mance properties shall be permitted provided the density of thebase resin shall not exceed 0.0343 lb/in.30.950 g/cm3 and allother product requirements are met.5.2 Color and Ultraviolet UV StabilizationThe pipeshall be colored or black. Black polypropylene compoundsshall have between 2.0 and 3.0 percent carbon black. Coloredpolypropylene compounds shall be protected from UltravioletUV degradation with UV stabilizers. Colored polypropylenecompounds shall contain sufficient UV protection to allow pipemade according to this standard to be stored outdoors for atleast two years from the date of manufacture without degrada-tion of the stated properties.5.3 Rework MaterialClean polypropylene reworkmaterial, generated from the manufacturer’s own production ofthe product and having the same minimum physical properties,may be used by the manufacturer, provided that the pipeproduced meets all the requirements of this specification.5.4 Rubber MaterialsRubber compounds used in themanufacture of sealing rings or gaskets shall meet the require-ments of Specification F477.5.5 LubricantThe lubricant used for assembly of gasketedjoints shall have no detrimental effect on the gasket or on thepipe6. Joining and Joint Systems6.1 Bell and Spigot Joint6.1.1 The pipe ends shall consist of integrally formed belland spigot designed to accommodate a gasket, which whenassembled forms a soiltight seal by the radial compression ofthe gasket between the spigot and the bell ends.6.1.2 The joint shall be designed to avoid displacement ofthe gasket when it is assembled in accordance with themanufacturer’s recommendations.6.1.3 The assembly of the joint shall be in accordance withthe manufacturer’s recommendations.6.2 Other Joining SystemsJoining methods such as exter-nal snap couplers, split couplers, or other joining processes that3Available from American Association of State Highway and TransportationOfficials AASHTO, 444 N. Capitol St., NW, Suite 249, Washington, DC 20001,http//www.transportation.org.FIG. 1 Typical Annular Corrugated Profile Wall PolypropyleneTABLE 1 Polypropylene Compound PropertiesProperty ASTM TestMethodUnits SI Units Minimum ValueMelt Flow Rateat 446°F230°CD1238 g/10 min 0.15Density D792, D1505 lb/in3g/cm3 0.0325 0.900Tensile Strengthat YieldD638 psi N/mm2 3500 24.1Elongation atYieldD638 55Flexural Modulus1 secantD790 psi N/mm2 175,000 1200IZOD ImpactStrength73°F23°CD256 ft-lb/in J/m 8 427Oxidative-Induction Time392°F 200°CD3895 min 25F3219 − 192are equally effective are to be used in accordance with themanufacturer’s recommendations.7. Requirements7.1 WorkmanshipThe pipe and fittings shall be homoge-neous throughout and be as uniform as commercially practicalin color, opacity, and density. The pipe wall shall be free ofcracks, holes, blisters, voids, foreign inclusions or other defectsthat are visible to the naked eye and that may affect the wallintegrity. The ends shall be cut cleanly and squarely.7.2 Pipe Dimensions7.2.1 Nominal SizeThe nominal size for pipe and fittingsshall be as shown in Table 2 and are based on the insidediameter of the pipe.7.2.2 Inside DiameterMeasure the inside diameter inaccordance with Test Method D2122. The tolerances are shownin Table 2, when measured in accordance with 9.3, and shall beapplied to the stated manufacturer’s supplied diameter. In nocase shall the manufacturer’s stated inside diameter minus thetolerance be less than the required minimum pipe insidediameter listed in Table 2.7.2.3 Pipe Dimensions shall comply with Table 2, whenmeasured in accordance with Test Method D2122.7.2.4 Laying LengthThe pipe may be sold in any layinglength agreeable to the user. Laying length shall not be lessthan 99 of the stated quantity, when measured in accordancewith 9.4 at 73°F 3.6°F 23°C 2°C.7.2.5 Pipe StiffnessThe pipe shall have a minimum pipestiffness of 46 psi 320 KPa at 5 deflection, when tested inaccordance with 9.5.7.2.6 ImpactPipe specimens shall be tested in accordancewith 9.6. The test specimens, when examined under normallight and the unaided eye, shall show no splitting or cracking.The minimum pipe impact strength at 73°F 23°C shall be 140ft-lbf 189 J.7.2.7 FlatteningThere shall be no evidence of splitting,cracking or breaking when pipe is tested in accordance with9.5.7.3 Fittings and Joining System Requirements7.3.1 The fittings shall not reduce or impair the overallintegrity or function of the pipeline. Only fittings made to thisspecification and couplers supplied or recommended by thepipe manufacturer shall be used. Fittings fabricated from pipemanufactured according to this standard shall meet the samematerial requirements as the pipe. The outside diameters andthe corrugation pitch of products manufactured to this specifi-cation are not specified; thus, compatibility between pipe andfittings made to this specification by different manufacturersshall be verified to meet the requirements of 7.2.1 and 7.2.NOTE 2Fittings may be fabricated from the pipe by a variety ofprocesses including hot plate welding, spin welding or other processes.7.3.2 Fittings7.3.2.1 The maximum allowable gap between pipe andfitting shall not exceed1⁄8 in. 3 mm unless otherwisespecified.7.4 Perforations7.4.1 Drainage PipeWhen perforations are necessary,they shall be cleanly cut and uniformly spaced along the lengthand circumference of the pipe in a size, shape, and patternsuited to the needs of the user. Perforations shall be in thevalley of the corrugation and located, sized and spaced tominimize the structural impact on the pipe wall.7.4.2 The inlet area of the perforations shall be a minimumof 1 in.2/ft 21 cm2/m of pipe, unless otherwise specified bythe user.7.5 Installation RequirementsThe pipe manufacturer shallprovide the purchaser with the requirements for the properinstallation of the pipe and the minimum and maximum coverheight for specific traffic and non-traffic loading conditions.The installation requirements shall be based on Practice F449or D2321 and manufacturer’s guidelines.8. Sampling and Retest8.1 SamplingSamples of pipe and fittings sufficient todetermine conformance with this specification shall be taken atrandom by the testing agency. Where a test report is requestedfor a customer order, the samples shall be taken from theproduction lot as indicated by the manufacturer’s productioncode representing the product to be shipped on the order.8.2 Retest and RejectionRetesting in the event of a testfailure shall be conducted on samples from the failed lot onlyunder an agreement between purchaser and seller. There shallbe no changes to the test procedures or the requirements.9. Test Methods9.1 Conditioning Test SpecimensCondition the specimenprior to test at 73.4 3.60 °F 23 20 °C and 505relative humidity for not less than 24 h prior to the test, inaccordance with Procedure A in Practice D618 for those testswhere conditioning is required, unless otherwise specified.TABLE 2 Nominal Pipe Sizes, Inside Diameters and Tolerancesfor Single Wall Corrugated Polypropylene PipesNominalPipeSizeMinimumInsideDiameter,in. mmInsideDiameterTolerances,in. mm3 2.90 74 ±0.040 ±1.024 3.88 99 ±0.040 ±1.026 5.61 142 ±0.040 ±1.027 6.93 176 ±0.045 ±1.148 7.70 196 ±0.045 ±1.149 8.65 220 ±0.055 ±1.4010 9.70 246 ±0.055 ±1.4011 10.87 276 ±0.075 ±1.9112 11.90 302 ±0.100 ±2.5414 13.68 347 ±0.100 ±2.5415 14.85 377 ±0.150 ±3.8117 16.95 431 ± 0.125 ±3.1818 17.93 455 ±0.170 ±4.3221 20.75 527 ±0.170 ±4.3222 21.48 546 ±0.170 ±4.3224 23.90 607 ±0.227 ± 5.7730 29.79 757 ±0.240 ± 6.1NOTE-The manufacturer’s stated inside diameter is the nominal diameter plusor minus the inside diameter tolerance. The minimum inside diameter is thesmallest diameter the pipe can be with these tolerances and is used for thehydraulic design of the pipe.F3219 − 1939.2 Test ConditionsConduct tests in a laboratory atmo-sphere of 73.4 3.6 °F 23 20 °C and 505relativehumidity, unless otherwise specified.9.3 Inside DiameterMeasure the inside diameter of three1-ft long 300-mm specimens, with any suitable deviceaccurate to 0.001 in 0.02 mm, at positions at the seam and 90°from the seam.9.4 LengthMeasure the
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