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Designation F3377 − 19Standard Terminology Relating toCommercial Spaceflight1This standard is issued under the fixed designation F3377; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year oforiginal adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Asuperscript epsilon ´ indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.1. Scope1.1 This terminology standard is a compilation of defini-tions of terms used by ASTM Committee F47 on CommercialSpaceflight.1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of thesafety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is theresponsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro-priate safety, health, and environmental practices and deter-mine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.1.3 This international standard was developed in accor-dance with internationally recognized principles on standard-ization established in the Decision on Principles for theDevelopment of International Standards, Guides and Recom-mendations issued by the World Trade Organization TechnicalBarriers to Trade TBT Committee.2. Terminology2.1 Terms and Definitionsberthing, nthe process of mating of two separate free-flyingspace vehicles where a passive vehicle’s mating interface isguided into that of another vehicle by means external to thepassive vehicle.docking, nthe process of joining of two separate free-flyingspace vehicles where an active vehicle’s mating interface isguided into that of another vehicle by means integral to theactive vehicle.occupied vehicle, na vehicle that contains humans.orbital vehicle, na vehicle that is designed to achieve atrajectory where it could remain in space for at least oneorbit of the Earth.suborbital vehicle, na vehicle that is not designed to achievea trajectory where it could complete at least one orbit of theEarth.unoccupied vehicle, na vehicle that does not contain hu-mans.3. Keywords3.1 berthing; commercial spaceflight; definition; docking;occupied vehicle; orbital vehicle; suborbital vehicle; terminol-ogy; unoccupied vehicleThis standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years andif not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standardsand should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of theresponsible technical committee, which you may attend. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you shouldmake your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below.This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959,United States. Individual reprints single or multiple copies of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the aboveaddress or at 610-832-9585 phone, 610-832-9555 fax, or serviceastm.org e-mail; or through the ASTM websitewww.astm.org. Permission rights to photocopy the standard may also be secured from the Copyright Clearance Center, 222Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, Tel 978 646-2600; http//www.copyright.com/1This terminology is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F47 onCommercial Spaceflight and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F47.91 onTerminology.Current edition approved June 15, 2019. Published June 2019. DOI 10.1520/F3377–19.Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United StatesThis international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for theDevelopment of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade TBT Committee.1
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