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ASCE STANDARD ASCE/SEI 7-16 Minimum Design Loads and Associated Criteria for Buildings and Other StructuresDownloaded from ascelibrary.org by New York University on 06/27/17. Copyright ASCE. For personal use only; all rights reserved.ASCE STANDARD ASCE/SEI 7-16 Minimum Design Loads and Associated Criteria for Buildings and Other Structures PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERSDownloaded from ascelibrary.org by New York University on 06/27/17. Copyright ASCE. For personal use only; all rights reserved.Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Names American Society of Civil Engineers. Title Minimum design loads and associated criteria for buildings and other structures. OthertitlesMinimumdesignloadsforbuildingsandotherstructures.|ASCEstandard,ASCE/ SEI 7-16, minimum design loads and associated criteria for buildings and other structures Description Reston, Virginia American Society of Civil Engineers, [2017] | Earlier versions of the standard have title Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures. | “ASCE standard, ASCE/SEI 7-16.” | Includes bibliographical references and index. Identifi ers LCCN 2017018275| ISBN 9780784414248 softcover alk. paper | ISBN 9780784479964 PDF Subjects LCSH Structural engineering–Standards–United States. | Buildings–Standards– United States. | Strains and stresses. | Standards, Engineering–United States. Classifi cation LCC TH851 .M56 2017 | DDC 624.102/1873–dc23 LC record available at https//lccn.loc.gov/2017018275 Published by American Society of Civil Engineers 1801 Alexander Bell Drive Reston, Virginia, 20191-4382 www.asce.org/bookstore | ascelibrary.org This standard was developed by a consensus standards development process that has been accredited by the American National Standards Institute ANSI. Accreditation by ANSI, a voluntary accreditation body representing public and private sector standards development organizationsintheUnitedStatesandabroad,signifi esthatthestandardsdevelopmentprocess used by ASCE has met the ANSI requirements for openness, balance, consensus, and due process. While ASCE’s process is designed to promote standards thatrefl ect a fair and reasoned consensus among all interested participants, while preserving the public health, safety, and welfare that is paramount to its mission, it has not made an independent assessment of and does not warrant the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or utility of any information, apparatus, product, or process discussedherein.ASCEdoesnotintend,norshouldanyoneinterpret,ASCE’sstandardstoreplace the sound judgment of a competent professional, having knowledge and experience in the appropriate fi elds of practice, nor to substitute for the standard of care required of such professionals in interpreting and applying the contents of this standard. ASCE has no authority to enforce compliance with its standards and does not undertake to certify products for compliance or to render any professional services to any person or entity. ASCE,itsaffi liates,offi cers,directors,employees,andvolunteersdisclaimanyandallliability foranypersonalinjury,propertydamage,fi nancialloss,orotherdamagesofanynaturewhatsoever, including without limitation any direct, indirect, special, exemplary, or consequential damages, resulting from any person’s use of, or reliance on, this standard. Any individual who relies on this standard assumes full responsibility for such use. ASCE and American Society of Civil EngineersRegistered in U.S. Patent and Trademark Offi ce. Photocopies and permissions. Permission to photocopy or reproduce material from ASCE publications can be requested by sending an e-mail to permissionsasce.org or by locating a title in ASCE s Civil Engineering Database http//cedb.asce.org or ASCE Library http// ascelibrary.org and using the “Permissions” link. Errata Errata, if any, can be found at https//doi.org/10.1061/9780784414248. Copyright © 2017 by the American Society of Civil Engineers. All Rights Reserved. ISBN 978-0-7844-1424-8 soft cover ISBN 978-0-7844-7996-4 PDF Online platform http//ASCE7.online Manufactured in the United States of America. 2 42 32 22 12 01 91 81 7 12345Downloaded from ascelibrary.org by New York University on 06/27/17. Copyright ASCE. For personal use only; all rights reserved.ASCE STANDARDS In 2014, the Board of Direction approved revisions to the ASCE Rules for Standards Committees to govern the writing and maintenance of standards developed by ASCE. All such standards are developed by a consensus standards process managed by the ASCE Codes and Standards Committee CSC. The consensus process includes balloting by a balanced standards committee and reviewing during a public comment period. All standards are updated or reaffi rmed by the same process every fi ve to ten years. Requests for formal interpreta- tions shall be processed in accordance with Section 7 of ASCE Rules for Standards Committees, which are available at www.asce.org. Errata, addenda, supplements, and interpreta- tions, if any, for this standard can also be found at https//doi.org/10.1061/9780784414248. This standard has been prepared in accordance with recog- nized engineering principles and should not be used without the user’s competent knowledge for a given application. The publi- cation of this standard by ASCE is not intended to warrant that the information contained therein is suitable for any general or specifi c use, and ASCE takes no position respecting the validity of patent rights. The user is advised that the determination of patent rights or risk of infringement is entirely his or her own responsibility. A complete list of current standards is available in the ASCE Library http//ascelibrary.org/page/books/s-standards. Minimum Design Loads and Associated Criteria for Buildings and Other Structures iiiDownloaded from ascelibrary.org by New York University on 06/27/17. Copyright ASCE. For personal use only; all rights reserved.Downloaded from ascelibrary.org by New York University on 06/27/17. Copyright ASCE. For personal use only; all rights reserved.BRIEF CONTENTS ASCE STANDARDS...................................................... iii TIPS FOR USING THIS STANDARD............................................ iv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xlvii 1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 COMBINATIONS OF LOADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3 DEAD LOADS, SOIL LOADS, AND HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 4 LIVE LOADS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 5 FLOOD LOADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 6 TSUNAMI LOADS AND EFFECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 7 SNOW LOADS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 8 RAIN LOADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 9 RESERVED FOR FUTURE PROVISIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 10 ICE LOADSATMOSPHERIC ICING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 11 SEISMIC DESIGN CRITERIA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 12 SEISMIC DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR BUILDING STRUCTURES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 13 SEISMIC DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 14 MATERIAL-SPECIFIC SEISMIC DESIGN AND DETAILING REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 15 SEISMIC DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR NONBUILDING STRUCTURES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 16 NONLINEAR RESPONSE HISTORY ANALYSIS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 17 SEISMIC DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR SEISMICALLY ISOLATED STRUCTURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 18 SEISMIC DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR STRUCTURES WITH DAMPING SYSTEMS. . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 19 SOIL–STRUCTURE INTERACTION FOR SEISMIC DESIGN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 20 SITE CLASSIFICATION PROCEDURE FOR SEISMIC DESIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 Minimum Design Loads and Associated Criteria for Buildings and Other Structures vDownloaded from ascelibrary.org by New York University on 06/27/17. Copyright ASCE. For personal use only; all rights reserved.21 SITE-SPECIFIC GROUND MOTION PROCEDURES FOR SEISMIC DESIGN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 22 SEISMIC GROUND MOTION, LONG-PERIOD TRANSITION, AND RISK COEFFICIENT MAPS . . . . . . . 209 23 SEISMIC DESIGN REFERENCE DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 24 RESERVED FOR FUTURE PROVISIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 25 RESERVED FOR FUTURE PROVISIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243 26 WIND LOADS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245 27 WIND LOADS ON BUILDINGS MAIN WIND FORCE RESISTING SYSTEM DIRECTIONAL PROCEDURE 273 28 WIND LOADS ON BUILDINGS MAIN WIND FORCE RESISTING SYSTEM ENVELOPE PROCEDURE. . 311 29 WIND LOADS ON BUILDING APPURTENANCES AND OTHER STRUCTURES MAIN WIND FORCE RESISTING SYSTEM DIRECTIONAL PROCEDURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321 30 WIND LOADS COMPONENTS AND CLADDING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333 31 WIND TUNNEL PROCEDURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389 APPENDIX 11A QUALITY ASSURANCE PROVISIONS Deleted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391 APPENDIX 11B EXISTING BUILDING PROVISIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393 APPENDIX C SERVICEABILITY CONSIDERATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395 APPENDIX D BUILDINGS EXEMPTED FROM TORSIONAL WIND LOAD CASES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397 APPENDIX E PERFORMANCE-BASED DESIGN PROCEDURES FOR FIRE EFFECTS ON STRUCTURES . . . . . 401 COMMENTARY TO STANDARD ASCE/SEI 7-16 C1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405 C2 COMBINATIONS OF LOADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 C3 DEAD LOADS, SOIL LOADS, AND HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425 C4 LIVE LOADS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433 C5 FLOOD LOADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439 C6 TSUNAMI LOADS AND EFFECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447 vi STANDARD ASCE/SEI 7-16Downloaded from ascelibrary.org by New York University on 06/27/17. Copyright ASCE. For personal use only; all rights reserved.C7 SNOW LOADS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489 C8 RAIN LOADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507 C9 RESERVED FOR FUTURE COMMENTARY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 515 C10 ICE LOADSATMOSPHERIC ICING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517 C11 SEISMIC DESIGN CRITERIA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 C12 SEISMIC DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR BUILDING STRUCTURES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 543 C13 SEISMIC DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 593 C14 MATERIAL-SPECIFIC SEISMIC DESIGN AND DETAILING REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619 C15 SEISMIC DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR NONBUILDING STRUCTURES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 631 C16 NONLINEAR RESPONSE HISTORY ANALYSIS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 657 C17 SEISMIC DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR SEISMICALLY ISOLATED STRUCTURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . 673 C18 SEISMIC DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR STRUCTURES WITH DAMPING SYSTEMS. . . . . . . . . . . . . 693 C19 SOIL–STRUCTURE INTERACTION FOR SEISMIC DESIGN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 703 C20 SITE CLASSIFICATION PROCEDURE FOR SEISMIC DESIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 709 C21 SITE-SPECIFIC GROUND MOTION PROCEDURES FOR SEISMIC DESIGN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 711 C22 SEISMIC GROUND MOTION, LONG-PERIOD TRANSITION, AND RISK COEFFICIENT MAPS . . . . . . . 717 C23 SEISMIC DESIGN REFERENCE DOCUMENTS No Commentary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 725 C24 RESERVED FOR FUTURE COMMENTARY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 727 C25 RESERVED FOR FUTURE COMMENTARY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 729 C26 WIND LOADS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 731 C27 WIND LOADS ON BUILDINGS MAIN WIND FORCE RESISTING SYSTEM DIRECTIONAL PROCEDURE 767 C28 WIND LOADS ON BUILDINGS MAIN WIND FORCE RESISTING SYSTEM ENVELOPE PROCEDURE. . 771 C29 WIND LOADS ON BUILDING APPURTENANCES AND OTHER STRUCTURES MAIN WIND FORCE RESISTING SYSTEM DIRECTIONAL PROCEDURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 775 Minimum Design Loads and Associated Criteria for Buildings and Other Structures viiDownloaded from ascelibrary.org by New York University on 06/27/17. Copyright ASCE. For personal use only; all rights reserved.C30 WIND LOADS COMPONENTS AND CLADDING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 781 C31 WIND TUNNEL PROCEDURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 793 APPENDIX C11A QUALITY ASSURANCE PROVISIONS Deleted. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 797 APPENDIX C11B EXISTING BUILDING PROVISIONS No Commentary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 799 APPENDIX CC SERVICEABILITY CONSIDERATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 801 APPENDIX CD BUILDINGS EXEMPTED FROM TORSIONAL WIND LOAD CASES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 813 APPENDIX CE PERFORMANCE-BASED DESIGN PROCEDURES FOR FIRE EF
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